NASA and ESA shared the images of Solar Orbiter, which is two times closer to Earth than the Sun, with the recent live broadcast. When the spacecraft reaches its ultimate orbit, it will be closer to the Sun than Mercury.

The National Aviation and Space Administration (NASA) and the European Space Agency (ESA) shared the first images from Solar Orbiter, the closest man-made object to the sun, with the audience on the live broadcast that started at 15:00.

Solar Orbiter, launched from the Earth in the last February, began to orbit around the Sun in June. Solar Orbiter, located 77 million kilometers from the Sun, is now two times closer to Earth than our star.

Solar Orbiter, which is in orbit between Venus and Mercury, has managed to acquire the closest images of the Sun so far, thanks to its Ultra Ultra Visualizer (EUI).

Solar Orbiter is exposed to 13 times more sunlight than any sensor on Earth. Therefore, his data will seriously assist scientists in unraveling the Sun’s still unrealized mysteries and structures of stars.

One of the topics scientists wonder about the sun is how or why nanoflares in the corona layer of the sun are formed. While the surface of the Sun has a temperature of 5,500 degrees Celsius, the temperature rises up to 1 million degrees Celsius in nanoflares. Astronomers predict that the data from Solar Orbiter will reveal this mystery.

Daniel Müller, one of the scientists affiliated with ESA in the Solar Orbiter project, stated that the orbit of the Solar Orbiter will become narrower in the future and will eventually approach our star up to 42 million kilometers. This corresponds to almost 1/4 of the distance between the Earth and the Sun.

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Solar Orbiter, the new eye of scientists on the sun, has 10 different sensors on it. While six of them were in charge of watching the Sun and its surroundings; four other sensors examine the environment around the spacecraft.

One of the tasks of Solar Orbiter is to follow the solar explosions and report to the Earth. Because intense radiation reaching the Earth with solar explosions can cause fluctuations in electrical currents and cause problems in GPS, GSM and other electronic systems.

Solar Orbiter project jointly conducted by NASA and ESA, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK and USA is a project that works together. The spacecraft is planned to be placed in its final trajectory by November 2021, when it orbits it, the Solar Orbiter will be closer to the Sun than Mercury.

Solar Orbiter images shared by ESA

Video of Solar Orbiter’s launch from Earth


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