In Perseverance, NASA’s historic Mars mission, the happy ending has finally been reached. Having made a flawless landing on the Red Planet, the traveler shared his first photo taken from the surface with the Earth.
NASA’s new Mars mission, Perseverance, has finally landed on the Red Planet today. The traveler, who was launched into space last summer, reached Mars after a long journey of about seven months. Continuing to publish updates on the mission, NASA shared the first photo taken by Perseverance, who made a smooth landing, from the Martian surface.
Due to the distance of Mars from Earth and the difficulty of communication, we could not watch the landing moments live. However, this is the first time that NASA has shot a high-quality video of the spacecraft’s landing moments on Mars. NASA stated that we will see these wonderful moments very soon. Signals from Perseverance are currently awaited with great excitement.
The first photos from the surface:
“Was there life on Mars?” Will seek an answer to your question
NASA’s biggest goal in the Perseverance mission is, “Was there life on Mars?” will find an answer to the question. Mars was just like Earth billions of years ago; It is estimated to have a strong atmosphere and oceans. The Perseverance traveler will try to find the traces of these periods by researching the past of the Red Planet.
The Perseverance rover was lowered into Jezero Crater, 49 kilometers wide. It is known that the Jezero Crater was home to a large river and lake billions of years ago. So it is a very suitable environment to look for traces of life. Perseverance will study the geology and soil structure of this place, with various equipment on it.
One of the most important parts of the Perseverance mission will be the new ultraviolet spectrometer called SHERLOC (Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics & Chemicals). SHERLOC, located on the rover’s robotic arm, will detect the mineral and chemical structure of the Martian surface using an ultraviolet laser. Apart from SHERLOC, equipment such as PIXL (X-ray spectrometer) and SuperCAM (Laser micro-imager) will also play important roles in the search for traces of life.
Helicopter will fly on Mars
There are many interesting points in NASA’s Perseverance mission, perhaps the most striking point of the mission will be the Mars helicopter named Ingenuity. Ingenuity, which is predicted to open the doors of a brand new era in the exploration process of the Red Planet, landed on the surface today with the Perseverance traveler. Ingenuity is expected to leave the traveler and take flight for the first time in March.
Mars’ atmosphere is 100 times thinner than Earth’s. To solve this low atmospheric density problem, NASA had to design the Ingenuity as light as possible and as powerful as possible. Weighing only 1.8 kilograms, the helicopter will move its propellers 10 times faster than the propellers of a normal helicopter on Earth, according to the space agency’s statements.
NASA researchers stated that Ingenuity’s propeller rotation speed was 2400 RPM. In the world, helicopters operate at speeds of 225-500 RPM depending on their size.