Satellite Set Out To Lift The Sun’s Secret. The vehicle of the European Space Agency (ESA), which will take what we know about the sun a step further, has been launched. ESA Solar mission Solar Orbiter will closely monitor the Sun’s poles. With this mission, important discoveries in the field of Solar Physics are expected to be signed.
Launch was carried out from Cape Canaveral Base in Florida. Although the Solar Orbiter project is implemented by ESA, the American National Aviation and Space Administration (NASA) also contributes to the program.
ESA Solar Mission Solar Orbiter Departs
Solar Orbiter took along 10 scientific vehicles to use throughout the mission. The vehicle, which will take 3 years to reach the solar orbit, will go up to 42 million kilometers of the star. This corresponds to a closer distance than Mercury, the planet closest to the Sun. Solar Orbiter will observe the sun’s unbearable temperature thanks to its titanium armor.
The mission of the mission is to closely observe the Sun’s poles and magnetic movements. It is also aimed to collect more detailed information about the atmosphere of the Sun, the solar winds and the heliosphere.
— ESA Operations (@esaoperations) February 10, 2020
How is it different from Parker Solar Probe?
In 2018, NASA launched the Parker Solar Discovery Satellite program with the mission to observe the Sun’s corona layer (the outermost layer). Standing 18.6 million kilometers from the Sun, Parker is expected to reach 6 million kilometers of the Sun and reach a record by 2025.
Solar Orbiter will not approach the Sun as much as Parker; It will be the first satellite to approach the poles and record images from here. Gunther Hasinger, science director at ESA, said, “Each instrument processes a different melody, but they will play the symphony of the Sun together.”
From Earth to the Sun: the journey of @ESASolarOrbiter
✅solar array deployment
◻️instrument boom & antennas deployment
◻️gravity assist flybys at Venus & Earth
◻️operational orbit to study the #Sun up close#WeAreAllSolarOrbiters
— ESA Science (@esascience) February 10, 2020
What we need to know about Solar Orbiter
It was produced in Europe. Launch was done by NASA. It is protected against 600 degree temperatures with a special heat shield. It will be closer to the Sun than Mercury. First, he will ‘meet’ the Sun closely in 2022. It will get closer to the Sun every six months. Scientific duty period was calculated as 5 to 9 years.