It was focused on the idea that biological markers to be examined in meconium could predict allergies to develop in the first year of life, and samples from 100 babies were analyzed.
With the developing technology, analysis methods are reflected in the field of medicine, but it is possible to predict and prevent various diseases. Now, Canadian researchers suggest that by examining the first meconium (feces) removed by babies, the allergy susceptibility of babies can be determined. Researchers think that microbial activity plays a very important role in the development of the immune system in the first years of life.
The first stool removed by babies is called meconium and is usually formed by the removal of materials swallowed by the baby in intrauterine life. The substances in the meconium content can provide various information not only about the conditions that the baby is exposed to during pregnancy, but also about the formation of the baby’s intestinal microbiome.
The new study focused on the idea that various biological markers to be examined in meconium can predict allergies that will develop in the first year of life, and the meconiums taken from 100 newborns were examined and babies were followed up for allergic sensitization until the age of 1 year.
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The examinations made were used with machine learning and according to the results, the new system gave 76% correct results, in other words, whether or not the babies will develop allergies can be determined with 76% accuracy.
While studies on the microbiomes of babies are continuing rapidly, some studies point out that the microbiomes of premature babies play a key role in postnatal development.