Linux may be the most known operating system for computers after the Windows operating system. Welcome to our content where we answer questions such as Linux, what is an open source operating system and what does it do?
As you know, operating systems are systems that enable us to operate both on computers and phones. Windows is one of the most popular and known operating systems in computers. Then comes the open source operating system Linux, which is the subject of this content.
We give you the answers to questions such as what is Linux and how to use it. In our content, we will talk about who uses the Linux operating system for what, and we will explain the difference of Linux from other operating systems. What is Linux without further ado? Let’s start with the question.
- What is Linux?
- How is Linux different from other operating systems?
- Who is using Linux?
- What are the differences between Unix and Linux?
- How was Linux developed?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of Linux?
- Open source
- Stable software updates
- Different distributions
- Disadvantages of Linux:
- Technical support
- No standard version
- Learning time
What is Linux?
Linux is the best-known and most widely used open source operating system. Unlike other operating systems, Linux has an open source structure. This means that the person using the operating system can be aware of almost everything that rotates in the background of the computer, can edit and improve the operating system by himself.
How is Linux different from other operating systems?
In fact, it has quite similar features with operating systems such as Linux, Windows and macOS. Linux, which has a graphical interface just like other operating systems, also has various software like word processors, photo and video editor. Many daily applications are also available adapted for the Linux operating system. In short, where the computer is, Linux will be waiting ready.
One of the biggest features that distinguishes Linux from other operating systems, as we mentioned in the first paragraphs, is that Linux is open source. All of the codes written while Linux is made available to the public free of charge. This opens the way for these code to be seen, changed and developed by the developers.
Another difference of the Linux operating system is that there are various Linux distributions with different software options. This means that Linux is incredibly customizable. That being the case shows that in Linux, not only applications, but also other user interface components from systems that will display graphics are interchangeable. So Linux gives you freedom for most things you can’t do in other operating systems.
Who is using Linux?
Whether you know Linux or not, you’ve probably used Linux before. Almost a third of websites are run by servers created by Linux. Apart from that, the Linux operating system is generally used by individuals and many big companies who are intimately involved with the software.
The reason companies choose Linux when setting up their servers is because it is much more secure than other operating systems. Besides, Linux is a more flexible and more comfortable operating system than other operating systems. There is also an incredibly large community that works to improve Linux. Companies can get tremendous help from this community at any time. There are also companies that offer commercial support for the Linux operating system.
What are the differences between Unix and Linux?
You have heard of Unix. Unix, which is an operating system developed in 1970s with Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and a few people in Bell Labs, has some similarities with Linux. Linux, which was almost indistinguishable when it was first developed, has similar tools, programming tools, file system layouts, and other key components like Unix.
The biggest reason why Unix is different from Linux is that not all Unix versions are open source and free. Over the years, many operating systems like Unix-like or Unix-compatible have been developed, but none have been as successful as Linux. Linux has been the most successful and popular operating system ever built on Unix. The fact that it is free and open source has a great effect on this.
How was Linux developed?
Linux was founded in 1999 by Linus Torvalds, a student at the University of Helsinki. Torvalds’ reason for developing Linux was that it rivaled another Unix clone Minix, which is mostly used in academic environments. The name of Linux, which was developed as a free and open source alternative, was going to be Freax in the first step, but it was later decided on the name of Linux, which emerged from the combination of the developer’s name and Unix.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Linux?
Stable software updates
No standard version
As we mentioned in our news, one of the most remarkable features of Linux is that it is open source. In Linux, the codes of which are open to the public, users can view these codes, change them as they wish and have a lot more say on their computers.
Linux is much safer compared to other operating systems. Of course, malware is not secure enough to block all of them, but it is still more durable than other operating systems. An application containing a virus in Linux should definitely get approval from the administrator with a password. Applications cannot make any changes to the operating system unless the password is entered. Therefore, Linux protects the computer without the need for any antivirus program.
Stable software updates
One of the first things you will encounter on Linux will be over-coming software updates. Linux is constantly updated, and these updates are usually installed much faster than other operating systems. Updates made on Linux can be easily installed and generally there are not many problems while doing these updates.
One of the biggest advantages that makes Linux over other operating systems is the possibility of customization. Thanks to Linux’s open source codes, you can customize any feature you want, add any feature according to your needs, and remove an existing feature. Of course, we are not even talking about wallpaper or optional icons.
Linux has multiple distributions (versions). Users are free to use the Linux version they want based on their needs and wishes, because they are all free. Different distributions of Linux can be given as Fedora, Ubuntu, Arch Linux, Debian, Linux Mint. If you are not a beginner, you can use Ubuntu or Linux Mint. If you are a good developer, you can improve yourself with Debian and Fedora.
Disadvantages of Linux:
We have mentioned that there is a huge community created by Linux users and this community supports other users about Linux as much as they can. This situation may not be as useful as it is said, because someone with insufficient technical knowledge may not be able to understand the help coming from the community when they ask for help. This will cause someone who wants support to not solve their problem.
No standard version
As you know, Windows and MacOS have several standard versions. Examples are Windows 7,8 or 10. Linux does not have any standard version. As if that wasn’t enough, there are thousands of different Linux versions created by users. This can cause you not to find out which version of Linux is best for you and to disconnect from Linux.
Using Linux is not as easy as Windows or Mac. Technically, Linux requires a much larger knowledge base than other operating systems. So those who get used to the new computer or have no knowledge of Linux can have a lot of difficulty in the first steps. Of course, Linux is not too difficult to learn, but it will still take a little time to get used to Linux.
While answering the question of what is Linux and what it does, we have come to the end of our content that we share various details about Linux. We would also like to see your opinions about Linux and the Linux versions you use and recommend in the comments section. Stay tuned for the continuation of our news like this and so on.