IBM claims that the 2nm processors it produces will consume 75 percent less power than 7nm-based processors.
IBM claims to have made a huge leap forward in chip technology by producing the first 2nm chip. The company says it squeezes 50 billion transistors into a chip the size of a fingernail. According to IBM, the new architecture will provide a 45 percent performance improvement over existing 7nm-based chips from processor manufacturers. Accordingly, we can say that most 2nm based processors will provide better performance balance and improved power efficiency.
Mobile devices with 2nm-based processors can have up to four times longer battery life than 7nm chipsets. IBM claims that this way, the smartphones will only need to be charged every four days. According to the company, autonomous vehicles can detect and respond to objects faster, while laptops will be able to achieve speed by using such processors. The company says the technology will also benefit areas such as data center power efficiency, space exploration, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, 5G, and even 6G.
Apple’s M1 and A14 chips were the first TSMC’s 5nm processors, along with Huawei’s Kirin 9000, last fall. In addition, Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888 was also produced with Samsung’s 5nm technology. Also, other manufacturers such as AMD and Qualcomm are currently still based on TSMC’s 7nm chips. Intel uses 10nm and 14nm chips and targets 2023 to switch to 7nm chips. However, Intel’s chips have higher transistor density than their competitors with the same nm values, so it is necessary to consider different parameters for comparison.
Finally, it should be noted that it is not yet clear when the 2nm processors produced by IBM will meet with consumers.